Derived from the ancient Greek word "pathos" (disease), pathology is the branch of science that examines diseased tissues and organs to determine the cause of disease.

The first step in treating a disease is an accurate and rapid diagnosis, which is why pathology is closely related to many other medical disciplines.

Pathologists actively participate in and contribute to council meetings on breast, lung, endocrine, liver, genitourinary, and general tumors. They also discuss cases in depth attending cancer and non-cancer committees.

The pathology laboratory reviews endoscopic, laryngoscopic, bronchoscopic examinations, and microbiopsy sampling of various organs, including prostate, breast, cervix, and skin, as well as bone marrow tissue, lymph nodes, and radical resections.