The battles against physical pain throughout human history occupy the most important place in the struggle for life. So far, many different struggles have been given by human beings to eliminate pain. By 1842, any surgical procedure had been a painful and arduous process for both patients and Surgeons. Since this date, anesthesia has been accepted as a branch of Science and has shown great progress until today. Anesthesia to present-day conditions; it is carried out by Anesthesiology and reanimation specialists specializing in the field with the support of advanced technology.
When the surgeon makes the decision to operate, patients are often afraid of sleeping, or anesthesia, rather than surgery. In general, anesthesia is the process of making part or all of the body insensitive to pain. When the patient decides to undergo surgery, it also allows for a situation in which he or she will have no control over his or her own body while he or she is in a conscious or unconscious state. In this process, the knowledge, experience and skill of the anesthesiologist stand out. Anesthesiologists are specialists in first aid, intensive care and pain treatments. Your anesthesiologist, who keeps your vital functions such as breathing and circulation under constant control and follow-up before, during and after surgery, is your Guardian in all respects.
In theory, although anesthesia has many complications, it is said that in practice it is safer to be administered by an experienced, knowledgeable and skilled anesthesia team in a fully equipped hospital than to drive in traffic.
Anesthesiologists are the most important part of the operating room team, even their Hidden Heroes. Because it is not possible to start many operations without anesthesia. The drugs used to prevent the patient from feeling pain during the surgery are determined and applied by the anesthesia and reanimation physician. It is also the most important responsibility of the anesthesiologist to minimize some of the adverse effects of anesthesia on the human body and to ensure that the patient wakes up after surgery without affecting his vital functions.
Temporary loss of consciousness and reduction in reflex activity without a change in vital functions is called general anesthesia. Causing loss of consciousness, general anesthesia, patient awareness during surgery to prevent pain by eliminating reflex activity inhibit the patient during the surgery and provides comfort, relaxation facilitates the surgical intervention by providing Nov. With these effects, the purpose of general anesthesia is to provide appropriate surgical conditions. However, it is also the duty of the anesthesiologist to maintain the health and safety of the patient during the operation.
The application of anesthesia can be applied by the doctors who have done anesthesia and reanimation specialist training on medical education. Anesthesia technicians who are trained to assist anesthesiologists throughout the operation are also a very important part of the anesthesia team.
Patients, to come to the operating room more comfortable “premedication” called, usually an oral drug is applied. The patient who is taken to the operating room is given an IV first. The patient is then monitored to monitor vital functions such as heart, breathing and blood pressure. After these preparations, for general anesthesia, only special drugs under the authority of anesthesiologist are applied to the patient through the inserted serum. A special tube is inserted into the windpipe for respiratory continuity and safety. After safe anesthesia depth is provided, surgery can be started with the permission of anesthesiologist. The continuity of anesthesia is ensured by the application of the drugs given by the respiratory tract and the vein together or separately. After the end of the surgery, the anesthesia drugs used are terminated and the patient is awakened and taken to the wake room under the supervision of anesthesiologist. The patient is heated here, the pain is relieved, the precautions against nausea and vomiting are taken, and the patient is sent to his room in a comfortable manner.